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Scotch Pine


Height and Spread Scotch pine can grow 6 to 15 metres in height and may have a crown width of 6 to 10 metres.

Hardiness Zone 3

Preferred growing conditions Prefers well-drained soils in full sun; intolerant of flooding.

Form A tall, pyramid-shaped coniferous tree that rounds out as it matures

Flower/seeds Purple or reddish-tan flowers that turn into brown cones with diamond-shaped scales. Each scale contains 2 seeds.

Leaf Long, narrow needles found in pairs which are medium green in colour.

Bark/wood Bark is orange-brown and looks like it is peeling.

Fruit Not applicable

Pruning Prune to keep shape and remove damaged limbs. Sterilize pruning saws and shears with methanol (gasoline anti-freeze) between cuts and between trees.

Problems (Disease/Insects)

Needle cast, gall rust, sawfly, pine needle scale, and aphids. Porcupines love to eat the bark.