Control Pests & Diseases
Insects, pests, and weeds can damage your yard and garden. Across Canada, homeowners and businesses are turning to integrated pest management, or IPM, to reduce insects and weeds with minimal effect on the environment. The City of Regina has used IPM strategies for many years to control weeds, invertebrate and vertebrate pests in its parks, athletic fields, and other green spaces in our city.
IPM emphasizes pest prevention and non-pesticide alternatives. After analyzing your yard to identify pest conditions, determine which of the 4 IPM "tools" below - either alone or in combination – to use to control your pest population:
- Preventive tools Prevention involves planning and management that produces healthy plants and prevents organisms from becoming pests. This means choosing the right plants for your yard and giving them the best growing conditions.
- Physical tools Mechanical and physical tools are manual techniques, such as hand-picking insects and weeds, erecting barriers or using traps; pruning out branches or vacuuming to control insects. These are the “elbow grease” tactics to keep your yard pest-free.
- Beneficial biological tools Beneficial biological organisms, like insects such as ladybugs, lacewings, spiders and beetles, can help eat and control the bad bugs in your yard. Natural enemies of pests can also be larger animals, such as birds and snakes, and micro-organisms, such as fungi and bacteria.
- Chemical tools IPM emphasizes using approved chemical tools (pesticides) only AFTER carefully assessing and determining that other tools will likely fail or prove ineffective. Biological insecticides, derived from plants or naturally occurring micro-organisms also fit in this category.
It’s easy to use the IPM "tool kit" for your own yard, and Mother Nature will thank you for it!